Pear August dew

Pear August dew


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The pear has been known to man for several thousand years. Georgia is considered its homeland, from where the fruit tree spread throughout the planet. Today, thanks to the efforts of breeders, there are about 5,000 different varieties of pears in nature. With such a wide variety, it is not at all easy to choose a good plant for your garden, with certain characteristics.

Studying the variety of options, gardeners are guided by the reviews and comments of experienced farmers. In the opinion of most of them, the Augustow Dew variety deserves attention and can be recommended for cultivation in the central and southern regions of the country. This variety has earned wide popularity due to its many advantages and excellent characteristics of the fruit. So, a detailed description, photos and reviews about the pear of the "August Dew" variety can be found further in the proposed article.

Detailed culture description

Pear "August Dew" is the brainchild of the Russian breeder Yakovlev S. P. It was he who, in the early 2000s, crossed the cold-resistant and unpretentious variety "Tenderness" with the delicious Australian pear "Triumph Pakgam". As a result of the work carried out, a wonderful variety "August Dew" has appeared, which has absorbed the best qualities of its progenitors. The variety was highly appreciated by breeders and released in 2002 for the Central Black Earth Region of Russia. Pear "August Dew" quickly became popular among gardeners. It can be found in many private backyards and horticultural farms. The variety is still in demand today.

Features of the fruit tree

Among all fruit trees, the August dew pear is distinguished by its gracefulness and sophistication. It can become a real garden decoration. The tree, up to 3 m high, has a drooping crown, of medium density. Through the numerous dark green ovoid leaves, straight branches covered with smooth, light gray bark shine through. The branches of the plant are located at an acute angle to the main trunk, resulting in a neat and beautiful green “cap”.

In spring, the pear blooms profusely. Numerous inflorescences consist of 7-10 simple, rather small, white flowers. As a result of prolonged flowering, ovaries are formed on curved peduncles. Their number directly depends on external conditions, the presence of pollinators and weather. You can see the August dew pear in the flowering period below in the photo:

Variety "Avgustovskaya dew" quickly grows numerous skeletal branches and shoots. In the spring, the buds are actively awakening on the tree. Under favorable conditions and the presence of a pollinator, most flowers form ovaries, which is the basis for obtaining high yields.

The peculiarity of the "August" pear is a low level of self-fertility. Therefore, when planting this variety, you need to take care of growing another pollinator pear nearby. The best pollinator for "Avgustovskaya dew" is considered to be the "Memory of Yakovlev" variety. As a rule, when buying seedlings in a nursery, you can easily find both of these varieties.

Characteristics of fruits

Of course, each gardener is more interested not in the fruit tree itself, but in the result of its cultivation - pears, their shape, color and taste. Pear "August Dew" in this sense has a clear advantage over other varieties. Its fruits are large and juicy. Their average weight is 100-150 g. Under favorable conditions, the weight of fruits can reach a record 200 g. It is also important that all fruits on a tree are the same, balanced, which undoubtedly has a positive effect on their marketability.

The shape of the pears "August Dew" is classic. She can be seen in numerous photos in the sections of our article. The surface of the fruit is smooth, without ribs. The green color of the fruit acquires a yellow tint as it ripens. On some pears, a pink, slight blush may appear. On closer inspection, numerous subcutaneous dots can be seen across the entire surface of the fruit.

The fruit is held firmly on the branches by its thick, curved stalks. The peel of pears is smooth, dull, thin. The pulp of the fruit is white, fine-grained, contains a small seed chamber with several medium-sized grains.

For all its external modesty, pears "August Dew" are very, very tasty. They harmoniously combine sweetness and some acidity. Fruit aroma is bright and fresh. The texture of the pulp is tender and literally conceals in the mouth. According to experts, "August Dew" is the best table variety. The pears were given a tasting score of 4.6 points out of 5 possible.

Important! Pears "August Dew" contain about 8.5% sugar, which determines the amazing taste characteristics of the fruit.

Analyzing the description of the variety "August Dew", it is worth noting that the fruits are not only attractive in appearance and very tasty, but at the same time they are healthy. They contain many pectin substances, titratable and ascorbic acids, arbutin and P-active substances. Pears with such a composition can bring not only taste pleasure, but also very real benefits for the body.

Due to their composition, pears "August Dew" can be used for the preparation of baby food. They are good fresh and processed. Careful housewives prepare preserves, jams, compotes from juicy fruits.

Important! Small children can be given pear puree from 5 months.

Ripening period and storage of pears

You won't have to wait long for the "August Dew" variety to ripen: the variety is mid-season. Its delicious fruits can be enjoyed already at the end of August. Mass harvesting of fruits occurs in mid-September. Ripe pears hold well on the stalks and rarely fall off on their own, so they have to be picked.

The yield of the "August Dew" variety is high. Young seedlings begin to bear fruit from the 3rd year. At first, you should not expect a large harvest, and in order to save vitality, experienced gardeners recommend completely removing flowers in the spring. Starting from the 4th year, the tree usually begins to bear fruit abundantly. The first crop can be harvested in the amount of 15-20 kg from each tree. The yield of mature trees is high: more than 200 kg per tree. Marketability of fruits with such a yield is also high and amounts to 90%.

A large number of ripe fruits in the season becomes a reason to think about storage and processing of the crop. So, pears "August Dew" can be stored without special conditions for 2 months. If a cool room with a temperature of + 1- + 3 is equipped for storage0C, then this period can be extended to 3 months.

Important! It is not recommended to dry pears of the proposed variety, as they are very juicy.

Plant resistance to external factors

The "August" pear is distinguished by its high endurance and stability. She is not afraid of severe frosts or weather disasters. Fruit trees recover quickly after mechanical damage or frostbite and grow greenery well.

The variety also differs in high resistance to such a common disease as scab. Unfortunately, pear has no immune defense against other diseases. Black cancer, powdery mildew, mosaic and other ailments must be prevented by preventive measures and timely measures to combat them must be taken. Information on how to do this can be found in the video:

Advantages and disadvantages

Analyzing the description, photos and reviews about the August dew pear, we can draw a conclusion by highlighting the comparative advantages and disadvantages of this variety. So, the advantages of the proposed pear are:

  • excellent fruit taste;
  • high yield of the variety;
  • balanced composition of trace elements and the ability to use the fruits for the preparation of baby food;
  • high resistance of trees to freezing and drought;
  • scab immunity;
  • excellent commercial qualities;
  • the possibility of long-term storage of pears;
  • universal purpose of fruit.

Unfortunately, it is not necessary to talk only about the advantages of the variety, because it also has some disadvantages, which the gardener should be aware of, who decided to plant such a fruit tree on his site:

  • fruiting of the "August" pear is periodic;
  • to obtain high yields near the tree, it is necessary to grow a pollinator;
  • in years of abundant fruiting, the marketability of fruits can decrease up to 70%;
  • low resistance to many diseases characteristic of the culture.

Thus, every gardener, before buying a seedling, must carefully study the proposed advantages and disadvantages, evaluate them and make the right decision for himself about choosing a variety. An objective assessment of the variety will be a guarantee that the farmer will not be disappointed in the result and will make every effort to eliminate the known, existing shortcomings.

Even more information about the variety "August Dew" can be found in the video:

How to plant and grow a pear

If the question of choosing a variety has already been resolved, then it's time to get acquainted with the detailed information on how to plant and grow a pear. Of course, there are some general guidelines for growing pears as a separate crop. They can be found in the video:

In our article, we will try to talk about some of the features of agricultural technology inherent in the variety "August Dew":

  1. It is recommended to plant frost-resistant seedlings in the fall.
  2. You need to plant a tree at a distance of at least 2 m from other trees or other stationary objects located on the site.
  3. It is recommended to grow a pear in an open, sunny area.
  4. Before planting a seedling, you need to prepare a hole, at the bottom of which fertilizers should be placed. The created nutrient layer must be covered with a layer of garden soil so that the roots of the seedling placed on top do not come into contact with organic matter and minerals.
  5. Every year, pear seedlings should be pruned in the spring before the buds dissolve. In the first year, the main shoot is pruned at a height of 1.5 m. Further pruning should be carried out in accordance with the chosen crown formation scheme.
  6. In the first years of fruiting, the fragile branches of the fruit tree must be propped up so that they do not break off under the weight of the fruit.
  7. Watering seedlings and adult trees during fruiting is necessary 5 times a month.
  8. It is recommended to wrap the trunk of young seedlings for the winter with burlap or other breathable material to prevent freezing.
  9. You need to feed the pear annually in the spring, by introducing 2 kg of rotted organic matter for every 1 m2 trunk circle.
  10. Whitewashing the stem of a pear in late autumn helps protect the plant from sunburn and certain diseases.
  11. A 0.1% aqueous solution of boric acid should be used to water pears at the time of flowering and ovary formation. This will increase the yield of the crop and improve the taste of the fruit.

"August" pear has the highest degree of self-healing. This helps her to survive even in the most difficult conditions. So, even after severe frostbite, a tree in the spring can late buds on damaged shoots. If this does not happen, then you can cut off the frozen branches completely and cover the cut with garden pitch. As a rule, dormant pear buds, even after deep pruning, form new skeletal branches over several years and, having completely restored the crown, begin to bear fruit.

Conclusion

"August Dew" is a wonderful variety for owners who are ready to spend their time and energy once on providing the necessary conditions for the plant, and then regularly enjoy wonderful, tasty pears. The variety is resistant to external factors and has a high vitality, therefore, requires minimal care. After planting, the pear begins to bear fruit quickly, and its harvest pleases with its abundance and taste. "August" pears can be stored for a long time, harvested for the winter or sold. But in order to get such an opportunity, you still need to grow a fruit tree of this variety with your own hands.

Testimonials

Olga Nazarova, 34 years old, Krasnoyarsk

Pears of this variety have long been known to me. They are really very aromatic, juicy and tasty. But unfortunately, they are poorly stored for me (no more than 2-3 weeks), so I try to keep the fruits on the tree as long as possible and gradually eat them. I preserve the rest of the crop. In general, I am satisfied with the variety.

Kirill Prudnikov, 51 years old, Petrozavodsk

Good variety with delicious pears. I planted a seedling 10 years ago and forgot about it. A year later I harvest: at first, a few kilograms, now I collect fruits in buckets. For lazy gardeners, plant this strain and enjoy the result.


Watch the video: Pears eating pears!