Fibrinous mastitis in cows: treatment and prevention

Fibrinous mastitis in cows: treatment and prevention


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Fibrinous mastitis in cows is one of the most dangerous forms of mastitis. It is characterized by inflammation of the udder and abundant formation of fibrin in the alveoli, milk ducts, and thicker tissues. Fibrinous mastitis is considered a serious pathology, as the disease develops rapidly. Full recovery is not possible as the nodules at the base of the nipples remain, causing discomfort to the cow and preventing the animal from returning to its previous performance.

What is fibrinous mastitis

Mastitis is a fairly common disease that interferes with the increase in milk production of an individual, thereby causing economic damage. In addition to reducing milk yield, mastitis contributes to premature culling of livestock, an increase in the incidence of calves, and a deterioration in the quality of the product.

Healthy udder of a cow

As for fibrinous mastitis, the pathology in this form extends to a certain proportion of the udder. The disease develops very quickly, proceeds in an acute form, and is characterized by a severe condition of the animal. Often takes a fibrous-purulent course. Often, fibrinous mastitis gives severe complications in the form of udder gangrene or is accompanied by purulent metastases to other organs and tissues of the cow.

Important! Fibrin is a high molecular weight protein that is formed from fibrinogen, synthesized in plasma, by the liver under the influence of the enzyme thrombin. It is in the form of fibers, the clots of which form a blood clot during blood clotting.

Causes of fibrinous mastitis in cows

Fibrinous mastitis can occur at different physiological periods in an individual - during lactation, start-up and dryness. The causes of the appearance of the disease are varied: the penetration of pathogenic microflora into the digestive tract of the animal, mechanical, thermal and chemical factors.

With the penetration of microorganisms, an inflammatory process occurs in the udder as the infection multiplies (viruses, fungi, mycoplasmas). Also, the disease can provoke hormonal disruption in the animal.

The mechanical reason for the appearance of mastitis is the development of infection after an udder injury, insect bites. As a rule, this is due to inadequate care of the cow and udder.

The chemical causes of fibrous mastitis include inappropriate use of veterinary drugs. In a cow, under the influence of toxins, the microflora is disturbed and this leads to a change in metabolic processes in the animal's body.

Thermal causes of mastitis are temperature differences. For example, overheating of an individual in summer, strong cooling of the udder in winter, wind and drafts. All this negatively affects the cow's body and mammary glands.

However, most often fibrinous mastitis is a consequence of the catarrhal form of the disease. It may also occur after purulent endometritis, traumatic cervicitis, purulent pericarditis.

Symptoms of Fibrinous Mastitis in Cows

The initial stage of mastitis

The main symptoms of fibrinous mastitis in cows include:

  • a sharp decrease in milk production or agalactia;
  • the oppressed state of the animal;
  • increased body temperature;
  • loss of appetite;
  • an increase in the supra-udder lymph node;
  • increased heart rate and breathing;
  • swelling of the scar, lack of chewing gum, atony of the proventriculus;
  • from the affected part of the udder, it is difficult to squeeze out a few drops of a cloudy liquid with an admixture of pus or fibrinous crumbs;
  • the udder is increased in volume;
  • the affected quarter of the udder is edematous, hyperemic, compacted, painful on palpation, crepitus is heard.

At the same time, the cow hums, does not allow touching the udder, often limps on the hind limbs, prefers to lie down, gets up with difficulty.

Attention! This form of mastitis is characterized by severe complications and a chronic course of the disease if veterinary care is not provided in a timely manner.

Diagnosis of the disease

Methods for screening livestock for fibrinous mastitis include the following:

  • measurement of body temperature, pulse rate and respiration;
  • examination of the state of the digestive tract;
  • palpation of the udder, lymph nodes;
  • analysis of blood, urine, milk.

Milk is diagnosed by external signs and using laboratory tests. The milk from a cow with mastitis appears to be watery, devoid of fat and patchy.

Milk analysis can be done at home. To do this, add 20 drops of Mastidin solution to 1 mm of milk and mix. The result can be checked after 20 minutes.

Treatment of fibrinous mastitis in cows

Antibiotic treatment

Treatment of fibrinous mastitis should be comprehensive, since the disease affects the whole body. It is mandatory to take antibiotics, topical preparations, physiotherapeutic procedures (paraffin therapy). Traditional medicine is often used as additional methods of treatment. It is necessary to change the diet of a cow sick with mastitis, add vitamins and minerals, limit it in liquid and succulent feed.

Attention! During treatment, the individual must be transferred to manual milking 5-6 times a day.

Preventive actions

First of all, the prevention of fibrinous mastitis in cows is to comply with all the necessary sanitary and hygienic standards for the care and maintenance of animals. The correct handling of the cow's udder before and after the milking procedure is important, as well as the correct technique, breast massage. In addition, the diet is important in accordance with the physiological state of the animal, as well as vitamin supplements and minerals.

Conclusion

Fibrinous mastitis in cows is a complex disease of the udder of an animal that develops rapidly and can have unpleasant consequences. An untreated disease responds well to treatment, but if the disease has become chronic or complications have arisen, then the prognosis is poor. The development of fibrous mastitis is easy to avoid by properly caring for the individual and making up a competent feeding diet.


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